CO2 Capture Project (CCP) – Advances in CO2 Capture and Storage Technology

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The CO2 Capture Project (CCP) a partnership of eight oil & gas majors has announced the findings of the last five years of its work. The CCP is an industry wide effort to develop the technologies and operational approach to accelerate the deployment of carbon capture and storage. The CO2 Capture Project recently received the prestigious Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum Recognition award; established in 2000 the CCP has built a reputation as a technical authority on CCS.
The CCP’s findings, published in a book entitled ‘Advances in CO2 Capture and Storage Technology’, represent five years of research and more than 150 exploratory projects. They are the result of a collaborative effort between its members: BP, Chevron, ConocoPhillips, Eni, Petrobras, Shell, StatoilHydro and Suncor. These oil & gas majors worked alongside governments (including the US Department of Energy, the EU and the Norwegian Research Council) and 60 academic institutions and leading environmental and industry groups.
A summary of the findings from ‘Advances in CO2 Capture and Storage Technology’ and details on how to obtain a copy can be found on www.co2captureproject.org

Highlights from Advances in CO2 Capture and Storage include:

Development of a Certification Framework
The CCP developed a Certification Framework for the geological storage of CO2 to provide a simple, transparent guide to site certification, essential to help decision makers to manage the CO2 storage process. It consists of three parts: 1) platform for input of geological data 2) specialized tools that predict the behaviour of CO2 in the subsurface and 3) risk calculation.

A Well Integrity Field Study
The CCP’s ambitious Well Integrity Field Study addressed the risks that the presence of injected and stored CO2 would have on the containment integrity of existing and newly drilled wells.

CO2 Capture
The CO2 Capture Project (CCP) has made crucial progress in identifying technologies with the highest potential. Around ten potential capture technologies, spanning the range of techniques: post-combustion, pre-combustion and oxy-fuel were identified from more than 200 capture technologies reviewed. These technologies have been developed further and are now being evaluated before being taken forward for demonstration.

Identification of a preferred CO2 capture method for oil refineries

Significant progress has been made towards CO2 capture from the oil refining process. As the second largest industrial emitters of CO2 oil refineries face specific and considerable challenges. Oxy-fuel combustion has been shown to offer the greatest potential, both technically and economically, for capturing CO2 emitted by the largest source in oil refineries, the Fluid Catalytic Cracking unit (FCC). A pilot test in an industrial scale refinery is scheduled for next year. The CCP is also working to extend oxy-firing technology to other CO2 emitting units of the refinery, namely process heaters and boilers.

Potential for CO2 capture from extraction of heavy oil
A novel advanced oxy-firing technology – chemical looping combustion (CLC) – has been developed, which has the technical and economical potential in the mid-term for scaling up to capture CO2 from heavy oil steam extraction processes. Significant development challenges remain, but the potential rewards are huge.

Post-combustion – most likely short-term option for gas fired power stations
The lower concentrations of CO2 in gas fired power station flue gas make this a challenging – but important – area for capture technology development. Post-combustion identified as most likely short-term option for capturing CO2 from gas fired power stations, although pre-combustion may be more viable in the long-term. The CCP has the challenge of identifying and further developing significantly lower costs for CO2 technology.

The CCP will now enter its third phase – using insights from the first two phases to further test and trial high potential technologies. The third phase will provide practical solutions to the need of the oil & gas industry to reduce its own CO2 emissions from both traditional and unconventional operations, without incurring considerable extra costs.
It is clear that with the right encouragement, carbon capture and storage is capable of playing a significant role in CO2 mitigation, and the oil & gas industry is well placed to make a significant contribution to its development. The CO2 Capture Project has made significant progress over the last eight years towards addressing the remaining technical questions surrounding carbon capture and storage.

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2 Responses to “CO2 Capture Project (CCP) – Advances in CO2 Capture and Storage Technology”

  1. Destinee D. Brown

    Mention must be made of the brochure- CO2 Capture and Geological Storage In Depth
    Some key principles for policymakers. Although it was made in 08.

    It Provides an overview of the technology being developed to capture CO2 from power stations and industrial processes, and safely store it underground. The brochure also summarises the CO2 Capture Project’s position on the regulatory framework for CSS, and incentives to promote adoption of CSS technology to combat climate change.

    http://www.co2captureproject.com/reports.html

  2. Akinpelumi Akinsanya

    Realising the dangers of global warming leading energy companies have got together to draw up a plan of action to address this issue.

    The CO2 Capture Project (CCP) is a partnership of the world’s leading energy companies, working with academic institutions and government organisations to research and develop technologies to help make CO2 capture and geological storage (CCS) a practical reality for reducing global CO2 emissions and tackling climate change.

    Way to go !!


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