Carbon emission reduction efforts by countries around the world

This entry was posted by Friday, 11 March, 2011
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Thirty-two countries and 10 US states have emissions trading scheme.

California, one of the largest economies in the world, is due to start emissions trading next year.

Other countries, including China, Taiwan, Chile and South Korea, and a number of Canadian provinces, are either considering developing their own or already have trial emissions trading schemes in place. China has just announced its plans. CCS Projects in China

Carbon taxes are in place in Britain, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, the Netherlands and Canada and under discussion elsewhere, including in the EU, Japan and South Africa.

Britain is going whole hog with several schemes for green products and incentives for them. EU – emission trading scheme (ETS) is popular as can be expected in Europe. EU Emission Trading Scheme

China has a tax on coal, oil and gas extraction in its largest gas-producing province and plans to extend this to all other western provinces.

India has nationwide tax of Rs 50 per tonne levied on both imported coal and coal produced domestically. The tax is insignificant and has not impacted the carbon economy. But the fact is they have also acted.

South Africa has released a discussion paper for public comment on a broad carbon tax. CCS in South Africa

Australia’s per capita emissions are high. The fact is that Australia has the highest per capita emissions of all developed countries, about 27 tonnes per person. This compares to a world average of about 6 tonnes per person, and an average of about 14 tonnes per person in other developed countries. Co2 emissions and CCS in Australia

A country’s total level of carbon pollution is important. And also important is the per capita emission.  About 20 countries responsible for about 80 per cent of the world’s emissions. The 80/20 rule works here too.

It is wrong to say that there is no action happening globally or that Copenhagen did not make important progress.

In Copenhagen all the big emitters pledged to reduce their carbon pollution. These pledges were formally incorporated into the United Nations process at the most recent negotiations, in Cancun last December.

Many countries, regions and states around the world are taking real action on climate change now.

Poland’s energy plan attempts to reduce its dependence on coal. The government has pledged to be a leader in carbon capture and storage technology. Carbon dioxide emission and carbon capture and storage in Poland

South Korea is the 9th largest Co2 emitter in the world. South Korea will start carbon emission trading scheme in January 2015. Carbon dioxide emission and carbon capture and storage in South Korea

There is this Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative in the US. . The RGGI scheme caps carbon pollution for the electricity sector in the 10 participating north-eastern states. The combined population for these 10 states is 50 million – more than double Australia’s total population. A very meagre percentage of India or china.

Each of these US State auctions pollution permits to power stations, and commits to use at least 25 per cent of their auction revenue for clean energy programs, and to assist consumers to reduce their use of electricity. Co2 emission & Carbon capture and storage in United States

In practice all participating states are far exceeding this commitment, investing 80 per cent of their proceeds – totaling $775 million so far – in renewable and energy efficiency programs.

Carbon Capture and Storage to commence in India with NTPC

 

Related Terms in the Glossary:

Carbon Emission Reduction Target

Emissions Trading

EU Emission Trading Scheme

Carbon Tax

 

5 Responses to “Carbon emission reduction efforts by countries around the world”

  1. orione

    CO2 emission control measures in Maharastra

    Mahagenco stands for Maharastra State Power Generation Company.
    It runs coal based power projects.
    Many of these coal powered plants that belong to Mahagenco have high levels of CO2 emission.

    MPCB is Maharastra Pollution Control Board. It has just sent a missive to Mahagenco to start a time bound emission control measures to control emissions upto 150 mg per cubic meter. If Mahagenco doesnt control, then the plants may face closure.

    Already, MahaGenco has closed down eight units with a total generation capacity of 570 Mw. These units were Koradi, Parali, Bhusawal and Paras. These units were in operation for more than 35 years. The stipulated average for them were only 20 years.

    There are about additional eight coal-based power plants recording higher levels of emission and they may have to be closed down in the absence of effective anti-pollution control norms. MahaGenco has a total installed capacity of 9,996 Mw of which 6,800 Mw is generated through coal-based power projects. This apart, MahaGenco has already launched capacity addition of 6,500 Mw with the installation of 660 Mw super-critical units in a bid to achieve emission levels within the prescribed level.

    Maharashtra energy minister Ajit Pawar told Business Standard, “Emission levels in these units were higher than MPCB norms. In some cases, it was above 600 mg per cubic meter. MPCB had taken a bank guarantee of Rs 10 lakh for Koradi units. The decision to close down these units was to avoid further MPCB action.”

    He made it clear it was not done to benefit the private sector projects and added the decision was taken purely on the basis of economics.

    Pawar said these units with high emission levels were closed due to lack of necessary spares. The high-emission level is also because of poor quality of coal. He informed MahaGenco had been making continuous efforts to get fair-quality and washed coal to increase plant load factor and curb high-fly ash emission.

  2. urika

    Nuon a proposed coal, biomas and gas fired power plant has set the bar high for co2 emission reduction in Netherlands.
    The project has been under discussion with the environmnetalists for a while. NOw Nuan has agreed that once the gasification part is ready, the emissions will not exceed 360g/kWh (equivalent to the emissions from a modern gas-fired power plant). The environmental parties involved are at the same time withdrawing their legal objections to the gas-fired power station currently under construction.

    http://www.pennenergy.com/index/power/display/6870134611/articles/pennenergy/power/coal/2011/april/dutch-utility_nuon.html

  3. illione

    Nine bids from the UK could make up half the total number of applications for Europe’s NER300 carbon capture and storage (CCS) fund.

  4. illione

    If Europe has to be on course for its emission reduction target, the carbon capture and storage technology will have to be fitted to 100 power plants rated at 500MW by 2020. That means EU will have to act in a hurry. Pump in a lot of money.

    The International Energy Agency (IEA) has projected that to limit the climate change temperature increase to 2ºC on 2010 levels by 2050, CCS would have to provide 19 per cent of the required reduction in carbon dioxide emissions, taking into account increased energy consumption. The alternative – using renewable energy – would cost 70 per cent more, the Bellona/Forum Europe meeting heard.
    The IEA said that to achieve this magnitude of emissions reduction, CCS would be needed at 100 power plants rated at 500MW by 2020, at a cost of £35 billion.
    Speed is essential to meet the targets.

    According to the Global CCS Institute, which was set up by the Australian government, there were 328 CCS projects worldwide at the end of 2010, up from 275 a year before. Most are in North America and Europe, with others in Australia and Asia.
    Large power plant projects accounted for 54 per cent of the 2010 figure, although CCS advocates want more emphasis on CCS for gas-fired plants and in heavy industries such as steel and cement.

  5. Andre

    The U.S. Department of Energy named the domestic steel industry as a global leader in reducing its energy use and carbon dioxide emissions.

    Since the 1970s, the industry has halved its energy intensity, or primary energy per ton of steel produced. Carbon dioxide emissions also have fallen 55 percent during that time to 1 metric ton per ton of steel produced.

    The report said the domestic steel industry is approaching energy efficiency and carbon emissions reductions limits from current technologies. It warned that reaching proposed domestic and global policy goals would be “a difficult challenge.”

    Wide-scale applications of certain technologies that could dramatically change the industry such as carbon sequestration remains unproved and needs “significant research and development investments.”


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