Archive for category CCS funding projects

Carbon capture and storage progress card for usa

Posted by on Monday, 14 March, 2011

According to an estimate from US DOE energy information administration, industrial sector alone account for slightly more than 25% of the total carbon dioxide emissions in the country. In an effort to reduce the carbon emissions from industrial units, DOE has allocated funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment act to fund more than 25 projects that can capture and store CO2 emissions from different industrial units like cement, paper mills, refineries, chemical plants and manufacturing facilities.

As a part of its $1.4 billion initiative, DOE selected 3 large scale carbon capture and storage projects located in Texas, Illinois and Louisiana for funding way back in 2009. The first phase of these projects involved an initial investment of $44 million towards research and development (R&D). On successful completion of phase I, the 3 projects have entered the phase II that involves design, construction and operation of the carbon capture units. The 3 projects that are part of this initiative are as follows:

  • Air Products and Chemicals had partnered with Denbury Onshore to capture and sequester 1 million tons of CO2 per year from its existing steam-methane reformers in Texas. The captured carbon dioxide will be transported via pipelines by Air Products to near by oil fields to enhance the recovery of the same.
  • Archer Daniels Midland Company is operating an ethanol manufacturing plant in Illinois. The proposed project aims to capture and sequester 1 million tons of CO2 from the plant and store it in a well characterized saline reservoir located about one mile from the plant. It is a joint venture of Archer Daniels, Schlumberger carbon services and the Illinois state geological survey.
  • Leucadia Energy and Denbury Onshore will capture carbon dioxide from a methanol plant to sequester it in an oilfield for enhanced oil recovery operations.

In addition to these 3 projects, DOE as early as September 2010 had identified another 22 projects with an objective of accelerating the R&D in carbon capture and storage to make this technology commercially viable. These projects with a funding of $575 million will complement the already existing projects funded through the recovery act.

An overview of all the above projects can be found here.

 

Related Terms in the Glossary:

Carbon Capture and Storage

Methane

Enhanced Gas Recovery

Carbon Sequestration

 



FutureGen selects Morgan county for its carbon storage project

Posted by on Monday, 14 March, 2011

FutureGen Alliance has selected Morgan County as the preferred site for its carbon storage project. This is part of FutureGen’s $1.2 billion project in developing clean coal technology. The selected site will store carbon dioxide from the retrofitted coal fired power plant-Ameren plant at Meredosia. The captured CO2 will be transported from the power plant to the storage site using pipeline. Atleast 25 surface acres are needed for a carbon injection facility in addition to a 1000 acre buffer zone. The CO2 piped from the Ameren plant will be injected into a sandstone formation at least 3500 feet beneath the earth. Geologists had predicted that this particular storage site has an estimated capacity of 1.3 million tons of carbon dioxide/year.

Morgan, Christian, Douglas and Fayette counties were shortlisted for storing carbon dioxide but finally Morgan was selected based on certain factors. Among the factors that resulted in the selection of Morgan county as the storage site are

  • Geological structure which is suitable for long term storage of CO2
  • Close proximity to the power plant that simplifies pipeline routing to reduce the projects overall cost
  • Strong support from local community leaders and elected representatives in support of the project

Along with the carbon dioxide storage site, the Morgan county will also host a research and training facility and a visitor center. These facilities are critical to advance clean coal technology in the state of Illinois and worldwide.

This project will put Illinois in the world map as a center of clean coal technology and the investment to be made in the county will be a major boost to the economy of the region. This project would generate 1000 jobs in construction and services industry each.

The project cost is put at $1.3 billion with $1 billion federal funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment act. Nearly 55% of the project cost would go towards retrofitting the existing Ameren power plant and remaining cost towards the storage facility. The Ameren power plant will be retrofitted with advanced oxy fuel combustion technology. Oxy-combustion burns coal with a mixture of oxygen and carbon dioxide instead of air to produce a concentrated carbon-dioxide stream for storage. If successfully applied, the technology could help existing coal-fired power plants reduce greenhouse-gas emissions without shifting to natural gas and meet proposed tougher Environmental Protection Agency regulations of traditional pollutants such as mercury.

Having shortlisted the storage site, the next step is the environmental analysis of the site by the environmental protection agency which will take 1.5 years. On getting the approval from the US department of energy (DOE), the construction of pipeline and power plant would start in 2012 to be completed 2015. The storage of CO2 in the proposed site will commence in 2016.

 

Related Terms in the Glossary:

Carbon Sequestration

Clean Coal Technology

Oxy – Fuel Combustion

Greenhouse Gas

 


CO2 emissions and CCS in Australia

Posted by on Thursday, 10 March, 2011

Australia emits about 537 million metric tons of carbondioxide per year (2009 data). Australia represents about 1.5 percent of world emissions. Australia emits around 28 metric tons of carbon per person per year as it depends on coal to generate 84 percent of its electricity.

Carbon dioxide represents 75.2 percent of Australian emissions, methane 19.7 percent, and nitrous oxide 4.1 percent. Transport and energy account for 76 percent of Australian emissions, or 416 million metric tons. 14 percent of emissions or about 80 million metric tons of Australian emissions are from transport (Transport- 86 percent from road transport in which cars cause 41 million metric tons emission). Electricity generation accounts for 37 percent of emissions, or 204 million metric tons. Agriculture accounts for 16 percent of emissions, or 87 million metric tons. Around 10 percent of Australian emissions, or 59 million metric tons, come from sheep and cattle, due to gases produced when they digest food. Livestock emissions fell almost 11 percent between 1990 and 2008, driven by a 57 percent fall in sheep numbers due to severe drought.

The Australian Government is committed to developing Co2 capture and geological storage technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The Australian Government is in the process of developing legislation to enable CCS activity in Commonwealth offshore waters. Several states are also developing legislation to enable CCS in their jurisdictions.

In September 2003, the Ministerial Council on Mineral and Petroleum Resources (MCMPR) established a Carbon Dioxide Geosequestration Regulatory Working Group to progress the issue of regulation for possible future CCS projects. The Regulatory Working Group consisted of representatives from Western Australia (chair) the Australian Government, South Australia, New South Wales, Queensland and Victoria. A broader ‘Carbon Dioxide Geosequestration Regulatory Reference Group’, comprising all Working Group members, industry and research organisations was also established to provide advice to the Regulatory Working Group. A set of draft regulatory guiding principles for CCS were developed by the Regulatory Working Group and presented to MCMPR Ministers in July 2004 for consideration.

On 25 November 2005, the Ministerial Council on Mineral and Petroleum Resources (MCMPR) endorsed the Regulatory Guiding Principles for Carbon Dioxide Capture and Geological Storage which aimed to provide nationally consistent guiding framework for regulatory consideration of CCS in Australia.

The Australian Government’s climate change aimed to reduce Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions– long term target of 60% of 2000 levels by 2050. A medium term target range to reduce emissions by between 5 and 15per cent below 2000 levels by 2020. Australian Government is developing implementing legislation for national cap and trade scheme, CPRS which aim to provide incentives to the development of CCS technologies or projects.

A mandatory cap and trade scheme has already been implemented in Australia and another is currently under development. The Cap and Trade Scheme will commence from July 1, 2011.  It is expected that the scheme will cover around 75 percent of Australia’s emissions and initially impose mandatory obligations on about 1,000 companies. It will cover a broad range of sectors, including stationary energy, transport, industrial processes, synthetic GHGs waste etc.

The Australian Government has indicated its intention to implement the CPRS rather than a Federal level CO2 taxation scheme. The only CO2 taxation scheme in Australia relates to CO2 sink forests.

CCS projects in Australia:

The following are some of the CCS projects in Australia:

Callide Oxyfuel Project, Queensland:

This is a oxyfiring demonstration project which will convert one of the 30 megawatt Callide A units to oxyfiring for the post-combustion capture, transport and potential geological storage of approximately 20 000 tonnes of carbon dioxide over a nominal 2 to 3 years period. Work of this project has commenced at Callide and the project is scheduled to start operating in oxyfiring mode in 2011.

CO2CRC Otway Project, Victoria:

This is Australia’s most advanced storage demonstration project and it is country’s first demonstration of the deep geological storage of CO2. It is a A$40 million Project, which is supported by 15 companies and 7 government agencies, involves researchers from Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Korea and the USA.

Coolimba Power Project, Western Australia:

The Coolimba Power Project, owned by Aviva Corporation Limited and located 15km south of Eneabba in Western Australia, comprises a 400‐450MW coal fired power station, a 360MW gas fired power station and has plans to phase in up to 2.9 million tonnes per annum of carbon capture and sequestration as a separate project when feasible. Coolimba is investigating ‘oxy firing’ carbon capture technology.

FuturGas Project, South Australia:

The FuturGas Project is located 250km south of Adelaide, in the South East of South Australia. The FuturGas project will provide a unique opportunity to develop an environmentally responsible liquid fuels and power generation initiative based on commercially proven low-emissions technology. It will also provide a pathway to zero emissions through the subsequent development of carbon dioxide capture and storage technology.

Gorgon Project, Western Australia:

Gorgon Project is a joint venture to develop the Greater Gorgon Area gas fields, located about 130 kilometres off the north-west coast of Western Australia. It is a A$43billion project. Gorgon will be the biggest resources project in Australia’s history, as well as the single largest investment of its kind in the world. The Gorgon Project is owned by the Gorgon Joint Venture (GJV), which includes the Australian subsidiaries of Chevron, ExxonMobil, Shell, Osaka Gas, Tokyo Gas and Chubu Electric.

Hazelwood Carbon Capture Project, Victoria:

International Power’s post-combustion CO2 capture pilot plant at Hazelwood power station in Latrobe Valley began operating in July 2009. It has been capturing around 25 tonnes of CO2 a day, or 10,000 tonnes per year, from one 200MW unit. Total capital cost of the project is A$369 million.

Latrobe Valley Post Combustion Capture Project (LVPCC), Victoria:

This project combines the facilities and support of two power companies, Loy Yang Power and International Power, and the resources and expertise of the capture research programs of CO2CRC and CSIRO to conduct research and pilot scale deployment of prospective technologies for the post combustion capture of carbon dioxide.

CO2CRC H3 Capture Project, Victoria:

This project, led by CO2CRC, is based at International Power’s Hazelwood plant and overlaps with the Hazelwood Capture Project. The project is using the 30-metre-high solvent capture plant installed by International Power as part of the Hazelwood Carbon Capture Project to test and evaluate new and improved solvents, compare equipment performance, investigate impurities removal and optimize solvent capture processes.

Loy Yang Project, Victoria:

Loy Yang power station is a brown coal fired power station located at Taralgon, in south eastern Victoria, Australia and it has begun operation as part of the LVPCC Project. It is capturing around 1000 tpa of CO2.

CO2CRC Mulgrave Capture Project, Victoria:

CO2 emissions will be captured from HRL’s research gasifier at Mulgrave in a pilot-scale capture project by CO2CRC. The capture technologies will be evaluated to identify which are the most cost effective for use in a coal gasification power plant. Partners include CO2CRC and HRL with funding from the Victorian Government under the ETIS Brown Coal R&D program.

Moomba Carbon Storage Project, South Australia:

The Moomba Carbon Storage Project located in South Australia was planned by Santos and its joint venture partners, Beach Energy Limited and Origin Energy Limited. This project has the long-term objective of establishing a large-scale carbon storage hub at Moomba, which could eventually store up to 20 million tonnes of carbon dioxide per year and 1 billion tonnes over the life of the project.

Monash CTL Project, Victoria:

Monash Energy (Anglo American and Shell Gas and Power) propose a brown coal gasification plant in the Latrobe Valley to produce syngas for conversion into a range of liquid products. Captured CO2 could potentially be stored in the off-shore Gippsland Basin.

Munmorah PCC Project, New South Wales:

Australia’s national science agency CSIRO is working with Delta Electricity to test post-combustion carbon capture at a pilot plant at Munmorah Power Station on the New South Wales (NSW) Central Coast. This pilot plant became operational in February 2009, and evaluation of the capture technology and suitable CO2 absorbents will continue until 2013. The capital cost of the plant is $5 million.

Tarong PCC Project, Queensland:

In December 2010, CSIRO and Tarong Energy launched this post combustion capture plant in Queensland. This plant will test the use of amine-based solvents and aims to capture at a rate of 1500 tonnes per annum of CO2 from flue gases at the coal-fired facility. Trials are expected to be carried out until June 2011. Capital cost of the project is A$5 million.

ZeroGen Project, Queensland:

The Queensland Government, ACA and industry partners Shell Development and Zerogen propose a two stage coal gasification and CCS project “ZeroGen Mark II”. Stage 1 will be a 80 MW net plant located near Rockhampton and is expected to be operational by 2012. The CO2 will be captured and transported approximately 220km by pipeline for storage in the Denison Trough. Stage 2, a 300 MW net coal gasification plant, is proposed to come online by 2017.

Australia’s Carbon Capture and Storage Flagship Program:

As a part of Australian Government’s clean energy initiative, a $2 billion CCS Flagship program was announced in the 2009-2010 budget and it aims to build at least two, and up to four, industrial scale CCS projects in Australia with an electricity generating capacity of 1000 MW or equivalent size for other industrial processes. The Australian Government will fund up to one third of the non-commercial costs of CCS Flagship projects which are ultimately selected. The Flagships Program is expected to generate equal funding from responsible states and industry.

An Independent Assessment Panel (IAP) of technical and commercial experts to assist by assessing projects and providing recommendations to the Government.

Four projects were shortlisted by Australia’s CCS Flagship Program:

1.      The Wandoan power project located north-west of Brisbane, Queensland, an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) coal fired power project.

2.      The ZeroGen project located west of Gladstone in Queensland; also an IGCC project.

3.      The Collie South West Hub located south of Perth in Western Australia in close proximity to the industrial centres of Kwinana and Collie and based around an integrated multi-user capture, transport and storage infrastructure project.

4.      The CarbonNet proposal in Victoria’s La Trobe valley, another integrated multi-user capture, transport and storage infrastructure project, with sources of CO2 from electricity generating plans in that area.

For these shortlisted projects, Minister for Resources, Energy and Tourism announced A$120 million funding for pre-feasibility studies. The Government is confident that CCS technology will be demonstrated at a commercial scale by 2020.

Funding for CCS Projects in Australia:

The Australian Government recently announced funding of A$2 billion (US$1.62 billion) for CCS projects over the next nine years. Queensland has also allocated A$300 million (US$244 million) from the Queensland Future Growth Fund for research and development. The Australian Government and a number of States are members of the Cooperative Research Centre for Greenhouse Gas Technologies (CO2CRC). The CSIRO, Australia’s leading scientific research body has been involved in CCS research for several years.

http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/02/24/us-australia-carbon-footprint-idUSTRE71N0R520110224

http://www.ret.gov.au/resources/Documents/ccs/CCS_Aust_Regulatory_Guiding_Principles.pdf

http://www.co2crc.com.au/dls/gen/CCS_activities_2008.pdf

http://www.ga.gov.au/image_cache/GA16218.pdf

http://www.ret.gov.au/energy/energy%20programs/cei/ccsfp/Pages/default.aspx

http://globalccsinstitute.com/sites/default/files/01%20Australia%20-%20Report%20Three%20rev0_1.pdf

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Coal-fired_power_stations_in_Australia

Carbon Capture and Storage, Greenhouse gases, Cap and Trade


Status of CCS projects in 2010

Posted by on Wednesday, 9 March, 2011

The Global CCS institute has come up with a report that talks about the status of various CCS projects worldwide. There were 234 CCS active or planned projects at the end of 2010 including 77 fully integrated large scale demonstration projects.  Of these projects, 2 of them made a final decision on investment recently

  • A carbon dioxide storage project in Australia-Gorgon CO2 injection project which will be the world’s largest CO2 storage project when operational.
  • The integrated gasification combined cycle project in USA operated by Southern Company will be the world’s largest CO2 capture project in the power sector.

It is now commonly accepted that CCS is a critically important emission reduction tool and a key part of a comprehensive global emission reduction strategy. According to the report as much as $40 billion will be available to bring large scale power projects online in the coming decade. Also 21 new CCS projects got underway worldwide during 2010 inspite of the soaring costs of the technology. Majority of these upcoming projects are in Europe and North America and hence both continents are also starting to develop co-ordinated efforts to sequester carbon dioxide in an economical way. Similarly, 5 large scale CCS plants are being developed in China driven by state owned companies.

The report also highlights the areas where more work needs to be done to accelerate CCS, including greater characterization of global storage options and reducing costs.

Carbon Capture and Storage


CCS projects facing financial crunch

Posted by on Friday, 4 March, 2011

In recent times there has been news items about scrapping or postponement of carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects. The reason cited is lack of funds.

Saskatchewan – Montana carbon capture and sequestration project is a joint venture of Canadian and US government to demonstrate CCS technology. This project was launched in 2009 with Saskatchewan government pledging up to $50 million and remaining from the federal governments of USA and Canada.

The project involved sequestering carbon dioxide from SaskPower southern coal fired power plants and pumping underground in Montana. The federal government decision to turn down the Saskatchewan provinces request for $100 million was made after the US government made it clear it would not put in it share towards the implementation of the project.

Statoil’s Mongstad oil refinery planned to set up a CCS plant to capture the CO2 released by the refinery and store it in geological formations underground. Originally it was planned to bring CCS plant online by 2014, but its now getting delayed due to lack of funds.

Both these projects have one thing in common. They were postponed or scrapped due to shortage of funds. But can we afford to find reasons in this hour of climate change crisis? Things have to move at a faster pace than expected to prevent further damage to the environment. But a pause like this would aggravate the problem rather than finding a solution.

 

Carbon Capture and Storage, Climate change


Carbon Dioxide Emission and Carbon Capture & Storage in South Korea

Posted by on Friday, 4 March, 2011

South Korea is the 9th largest Co2 emitter in the world.

South Korea experienced a growth in fossil – fuel Co2 emissions with an average annual growth rate of 11.5% from 1946-1997. Coal consumption accounts for 43.5% of South Korea’s fossil fuel Co2 emissions.

Since South Korea is the world’s 5th largest importer of crude oil, oil consumption has been a major reason for Co2 emissions since late 1960’s. Then natural gas became the major source for emission of Co2, as it increased the imports of liquid natural gas in 1987.

Due to the reduced production of secondary petroleum fuels and reduced imports of crude oil South Korea’s emissions fell 14.7% from 1997-1998. Since 1998, fossil fuel emissions have risen 37.7% and in 2007 it reached an ever time high of 137 million metric tonnes of Co2.  Now South Korea emits about 514 million metric tons of Co2 and it is Asia’s fourth biggest polluter.

South Korea (1.4 percent per year) is the only OECD country other than Mexico for which average emissions growth exceeds 1 percent per year. The Ministry of Knowledge Economy reported that South Korea’s per capita Co2 output of 10.1 tons ranked it 23rd place word wide, up from 25th place in 2006.

South Korea is the 2nd largest importer of coal worldwide after Japan. Coal – fired power supplies about quarter of South Korea’s energy needs.

South Korea is expected to produce 813 million metric tons of Co2 in 2020, but the South Korean Government decided to adopt three scenarios to reduce emissions by 30 percent in 2020.

In 2010, South Korean Government said that total public and private investment in carbon capture and sequestration would reach about 2.3 trillion won ($1.92 billion) in 2019.

It also announced plans to begin commercial operation of two carbon capture and storage plants by 2020.

The Korean government projected that CCS industry will create a market worth 550 trillion won globally over the next two decades. In Korea, it is expected to generate more than 120,000 jobs by 2030 and bring about $8 billion worth of output, the government said. The nation’s Ministry of Knowledge Economy will begin development of two 100 MW carbon capture demonstration projects in 2014.

According to a News paper report in February 2011, South Korea will start carbon emission trading scheme in January 2015. According to the report, introduction of the cap-and-trade was originally planned for January 2013 but recently has been pushed back two years to January 2015. However, the latest attempt by Government is likely to still face a strong opposition from the business community as they claim that adoption of the system may hurt their competitiveness. South Korean conglomerates have strongly opposed the plan as its competitor countries, such as the U.S. and Japan, have delayed their emissions trading plans.

In March 2010, testing began on a carbon capture pilot facility at a 0.5 MW coal – fired thermal power unit in Hadong run by Korea Southern Power Co. The possibility of underground carbon storage is still uncertain in South Korea. The Government plans to develop technology to recycle carbon if large scale carbon storage is not viable.

Korea’s top energy, steel and engineering firms launched an organization in November 2010 to promote carbon capture and storage. This association consists of 20 companies and is chaired by Korea Electric power corporation president King Ssang – su. The technology involves capturing Carbon dioxide from power plants and other industrial facilities using coal and gas and then compressing and storing it underground or under the seabed. This association will support research & development, facilitate planning and assessment of pilot projects and promote international cooperation in technology exchanges.

 

Carbon Capture and Storage,  Emission Trading, Geological Sequestration


Carbon dioxide emission and carbon capture and storage in Canada

Posted by on Thursday, 3 March, 2011

The Government of Canada is committed to reduce greenhouse gases by 17 per cent from 2005 levels by 2020 – a goal that will require Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) development.

Canada is a world leader in the development of a number of technologies, from carbon capture and storage to the use of forest and agricultural by-products to generate clean energy.

Although major sources of electricity in Canada are renewable energy sources like solar, wind and hydropower, coal accounts for 20% of electricity production.  So CCS is necessary to reduce Co2 emissions.

Prime Minister Stephen Harper confirmed the importance of CCS on July 9, 2009, stating on his website that “Canada is a world leader in Carbon Capture and Storage, and we are in an excellent position to use this technology on a wide scale. Carbon Capture and Storage can help us balance our need for energy to protect the environment.”

Canada has also partnered with U.S. through clean energy dialogue, to make progress in clean energy technologies.

Canada has necessary components like many large industrial co2 emission sources where capture can occur, world-class geological storage locations closer to the capture locations, engineering expertise developed over 100 years of oil and gas development etc. to make CCS a success.

Canada has a large scale potential for carbon capture and storage. Canada’s biggest advantage in its fight against climate change is its storage opportunity in Western Canada Sedimentary Basin (WCSB) which can hold more than 100 billion tonnes of Co2.  Besides WCSB Atlantic Canada and Southern Ontario offer safe and secure storage reservoirs.

The International Energy Agency, in its June 2010 progress report to the G8, identified five fully-integrated, large-scale CCS projects in commercial operation around the world.  Among those 5 projects, one project is in Canada – Cenovus’ Weyburn EOR project in Saskatchewan is Canada’s first CCS project.  Other full scale Canadian projects include SaskPower’s Boundary Dam project at a coal-fired electricity power plant and Spectra Energy’s Fort Nelson project.

These are some of the Canadian carbon capture and storage organizations:

  • Carbon management Canada
  • International Performance Assessment Centre for Geological Storage of Co2
  • Canadian clean power coalition

Carbon management Canada Inc. is a national research network focused on carbon management in Canada’s fossil energy sector. Carbon management funds work in four broad areas:

  • Producing technologies to recover and process fossil fuels in ways to reduce Co2 emissions
  • Seeking technologies for carbon capture and storage
  • Discovering safe and secure methods for underground storage of Co2
  • Creating the policy and regulatory frameworks to allow for the deployment of publicly-accepted technologies

International Performance Assessment Centre for Geological Storage of Co2 (IPAC-Co2) is assembling team of international experts to conduct an independent inquiry in to the Weyburn Carbon capture and storage.

Canadian clean power coalition (CCPC) is an association of responsible, leading Canadian electricity producers. The CCPC’s mandate is to research technologies with the goal of developing and advancing commercially viable solutions that lower coal power plant emissions. Its objective is to demonstrate that coal-fired electricity generation can effectively and economically address environmental issues including CO2 emissions.

Research and development in clean coal and CCS in Canada:

Capture:

  • CanmetENERGY (Natural Resources Canada) – CCT and CCS
  • University of Regina – International Test Centre

Storage:

  • IEA GHG Weyburn – Midale Co2 Monitoring and Storage project
  • North American Carbon Storage Atlas Project
  • Universities of Calgary, Alberta and Saskatchewan
  • Alberta Innovates – Technology Solutions (Alberta Research Council)
  • CCS consortium – Dalhousie University
  • University of Quebec (INRS)

Legal, Regulatory, Economic and Performance Analyses:

  • University of Regina – IPAC – Co2
  • University of Calgary (ISEEE)

Four large (>1MT/year) Integrated demonstration projects in Canada:

Transalta Project Pioneer:

Transalta project entails the construction of a large-scale carbon capture and storage (CCS) facility at a coal-fired generating station west of Edmonton, Alberta jointly owned by TransAlta and Capital Power. Project Pioneer will be retrofitted onto the Keephills 3 coal-fired power plant which – when it is commissioned in 2011 – will already be one of the most advanced facilities of its kind in the world. The pioneer project comprises retrofit with Alstom’s chilled ammonia post – combustion Co2 capture technology. The capital cost of the power plant alone will be $1.7 billion.

Saskpower Boundary Dam Project:

This is one the world’s first and largest (140MW) integrated CCS demonstration projects at a lignite-fired power plant which is located near Estevan, Saskatchewan. This projects aim is to capture 1Mt of Co2 per year for Enhanced Oil Recovery. Phase I of this project should be completed by 2013, and involves the reduction of output from 139MW to 120mW. Phase II involves the reduction of the output from 120MW to 100MW and to further reduce GHG emissions and this phase should be completed by 2015. Total project cost will be $1.4 billion.

Swan Hills Synfuel project:

This project is utilizing in-situ coal gasification technology to turn; deep stranded coal in to clean syngas in Alberta. This syngas will be used as fuel for very efficient low – emission power generation.  This project will capture and sequester over 1.3 million tonnes of Co2 per year and is scheduled to be operational in 2015. Total cost of the project will be $1.5 billion.

Weyburn – Midale project:

This 11 year project launched in 2000, studies the Co2 injection and storage underground in depleted oil fields. The project is operated in Saskatchewan, where huge volumes of the gas are captured from an industrial source and injected to revive oil production.

 

Canada is engaging internationally and among the world leaders in CCS. Over$3.5 billion in public funding allocated to CCS by federal, Alberta, Saskatchewan and British Columbia Governments.

 

http://www.ico2n.com/

http://www.egcfe.ewg.apec.org/publications/proceedings/CFE/Japan_2010/Session4B(i)_S2_Canada.pdf

http://www.projectpioneer.ca/

http://www.co2captureandstorage.info/project_specific.php?project_id=55

http://swanhills-synfuels.com/

http://www.ptrc.ca/weyburn_overview.php

Carbon Capture and Storage, Clean Coal Technology, Greenhouse Gas


China’s growing CCS activities

Posted by on Thursday, 10 February, 2011

China surpassed USA as the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases way back in 2007. China is trying to balance its growing energy demand and restraining its carbon emissions by substituting coal with renewable energy sources, increasing energy efficiency, and implementing carbon capture and storage. Numerous research and demonstration projects related to carbon capture and storage are underway in china. This issue focuses on the growing interest of china in CCS related activities.

Some of the areas where significant research and development is happening in china are

  • CO2 capture technology
  • CO2-Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR)
  • CO2 storage
  • CO2 transportation

An overview of the china’s CCS activities is described below:

1.    Shidongkou power plant is an ultra critical, coal fired power plant with a capacity if 660 MW located in northern shanghai. The plant is additionally equipped with carbon dioxide capture technology that separates and purifies CO2 from a flue gas stream to produce 120,000 tonnes of CO2 per year. This is the largest such facility in china and one of the world’s largest carbon capture facility in the world. The captured CO2 is used food packing, dry ice and beverage carbonation.

2.    The PetroChina’s Jilin oilfield complex is the leading site for CO2-EOR research and development in China. Petrochina discovered vast deposits of natural gas in 2005 that contained over 20% CO2 concentrations. This CO2 is removed from the natural gas stream to inject into several oilfields in the complex. It is estimated that CO2 injection has enhanced oil recovery by 10-20%.

3.    China’s Huaneng group is the largest power generator in china from fossil fuels. They have teamed up with Calera group (known for its cement production process from CO2) to build a green campus. Accordingly, the flue gas generated in the fossil fueled power plant is captured and converted to calcium and magnesium carbonates.

4.    The Greengen project is an initiative of Huaneng group to set up a coal based thermal power plant with carbon capture plant to achieve zero emissions target. The group is also involved in international cooperation for CCS development. One of those projects is China-Australia cooperation framework of climate change and energy problems. this project aims at capturing 3000-5000 tons of CO2 per year from power plants based on carbon dioxide capture technology developed by Huaneng’s thermal power research institute.

5.    Shenhua group is working on R&D in carbon capture and storage at its coal-to-liquids plant which started its trial operation towards the end of 2008. The company is also working on storage measures including geological storage which will be put into operation in one or two years.

The speed of planning, development, construction and regulatory approval for CCS projects is really fast. The Shidongkou capture plant was designed and commissioned within a span of 1 year, just to give an idea. Considering the pace at which China is moving forward highlights the fact that it has immense domestic incentive to create and grow sustainably. If the results from the domestic and international demonstrations in CCS prove promising to the Chinese government, China could become a world leader in CCS technology.

Smart Grid


CCS to be included under CDM

Posted by on Friday, 7 January, 2011

The 6th conference of parties serving as the meeting of the parties to the Kyoto protocol (CMP) concluded in the Mexican city of Cancun in the 2nd week of December. The much awaited announcement of including CCS projects under Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) was made in the penultimate session of the conference. The ministers backed the proposal to award carbon credits under CDM to those CCS projects that capture and trap emissions from factories and power plants before burying them underground.  The members were requested to frame the rules and other modalities of implementation before the Durban conference next year.

This is a significant move with regard to curbing CO2 emissions from industrial sources. Under the CDM, the industrialized countries that have obligations under Kyoto protocol to reduce carbon dioxide emissions can invest in carbon reduction projects in developing nations and claim carbon credits which are tradable in the open market. By including CCS under CDM, the developing countries receive direct financial incentives for developing and deployment of CCS technologies.

Countries like Australia, UK and UAE, who have a tremendous interest in making CCS commercial, were instrumental in getting CCS projects included under the CDM. For achieving an ambitious long term global target of reducing greenhouse gases emissions at 450 parts per million (ppm) or lower will require adoption of low carbon emission technologies by both developed and developing countries. Inclusion now will send out a positive signal to all countries and businesses interested in deployment of CCS technology. CDM provides incentives for technology cooperation between developed and developing countries for making CCS projects commercially viable. CCS under CDM provides a level playing field for CCS technologies along with other emission reduction technologies that are qualified under CDM for carbon credits.

The costs associated with the operation and maintenance of these installations is very high. This cost can be offset by the sale of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) used within CDM. A look at the economics would help us in understanding the merits of CCS under CDM. The price of carbon under CERs ranges between $10.4 and $43 (8 Euros to 33 Euros) per tonne of carbon. As per recent findings, 14 giga tonnes of CO2 is emitted annually into the atmosphere from the power plants. Assuming all these CO2 are captured and qualify for carbon credits under CDM, the CCS projects that qualify for carbon credits can generate an income of $240 billion.

For more on this story,

http://new.globalccsinstitute.com/institute/news/un-climate-talks-decision-include-ccs-cdm-great-success

 

To read more: Carbon Capture and Storage , CDM


Federal Government funding announcements for CCS projects

Posted by on Wednesday, 30 June, 2010

The US federal government, along with some private sector investors, is pouring big money into three different projects focused on industrial carbon capture and storage. These 3 projects are located in Illinois, Louisiana, and Texas. The sites have been through a first phase of R&D, and were selected from the group as the “most promising carbon capture and storage projects.”

Another $368 million in private funding is being put towards these projects, as well, bringing the total investment to almost $1 billion. According to the Department of Energy, the three projects, in theory, will collectively take 6.5 million tons of carbon dioxide out of the air each year, storing the emissions underground. That’s the equivalent of taking 1 million cars off the road. The projects also promise progress in the area of oil recovery, which could help improve domestic production of oil by up to 10 million barrels annually, according to the DOE.

The projects chosen for state funding are:

* A plan by Leucadia Energy and Denbury Onshore to sequester 4.5 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions at a new methanol plant in Lake Charles, La. The emissions will be sent to an existing enhanced oil recovery site in the West Hastings oilfield via an existing 12-mile pipeline. The project is supposed to come online in April 2014. Aside from Leucadia and Denbury, this plan involves General Electric, Haldor Topsoe, Black & Veatch, Turner Industries, and the University of Texas Bureau of Economic Geology.

* A project by Air Products and Denbury to capture and sequester 1 million tons of carbon dioxide from steam-methane reformers in Port Arthur, Texas. The emissions will be sent to the same facility as the Leucadia project and will be used for enhanced oil recovery. Other project participants are the University of Texas Bureau of Economic Geology and Valero Energy.

* A project by Archer Daniels Midland that is designed to capture and sequester 1 million tons of carbon dioxide annually from an ethanol plant in Illinois. The emissions will be sequestered in a sale reservoir that is about 1 mile away from the plant; the project is supposed to come online in August 2012. Other project members are Schlumberger and the Illinois Geological Survey.

Original article by Heather Clancy on Zednet