Archive for category Oxyfuel Combustion

Babcock Power and ThermoEnergy agree to develop ’TIPS’ clean coal technology

Posted by on Monday, 1 March, 2010

Based on pressurized oxy-fuel combustion technology, TIPS converts coal, natural gas, oil, and biomass into energy with near-zero air emissions. In addition, it captures CO2 in a pressurized form ready for sequestration or beneficial reuse such as enhanced oil recovery.

“The simplicity and efficiency of the TIPS approach offers a reliable and cost effective design for carbon-capture, near-zero emission power plants,” said Alex Fassbender, President of ThermoEnergy Power Systems. “With relatively few unit operations, TIPS enhances power plant reliability, while its process efficiency comes from recovering the latent heat of vaporization of produced and entrained water.”

“Adding a second reheat to the steam cycle efficiency, coupled with a simple, low-energy process to recover pipeline quality CO2 gives TIPS a competitive edge over other conversion technologies”, said Fassbender.

Babcock and ThermoEnergy engineers will begin work immediately to finalise the data needed to design, construct and operate a large-scale pilot plant at a host site.

Well, it appears to me that there is no major innovation in this, probably an incremental development in terms of increased efficiency of oxy-fuel combustion.


Coal Gasification

Vattenfall Oxyfuel Combustion Plant in Germany

Posted by on Wednesday, 10 February, 2010

A Coal fired power station that does not release any CO2 into the atmosphere is due to start operating in Germany soon.

According to reports, it will be the first coal-fired plant in the world that captures and stores its own CO2 emissions.

The station is a 5 MW pilot project for carbon capture and storage (CCS) and if it works, there is a chance that it could become mandatory technology for all new power stations in Kyoto signatory countries, and elsewhere.

The technology involves breathing pure oxygen into the boiler and burning powdered lignite. The outcome will be heat, water vapour, impurities and nine tonnes of CO2 an hour which is then separated and compressed to one 500th of its original volume.

The plant operators, Vattenfall, have been working on the project for two years. To watch video and listen to commentary about the new technology, click here.

Using Rust in Oxy-fuel Combustion in Coal Power Plants

Posted by on Wednesday, 13 January, 2010

Oxy-combustion is one of the potential methods explored for carbon capture and storage. Within this, a number of materials are being explored to capture the oxygen from the air so that pure oxygen is supplied for combustion. The latest material being tried in this context is iron, which converts to iron oxide – rust – upon oxygen capture.

This experiment is being conducted by researchers at Ohio State University, and has the potential to reduce the costs of oxy-fuel combustion.

Most coal-fired power plants burn pulverized coal in air, and since air is mostly nitrogen, so is the exhaust emissions–only about 14 percent is carbon dioxide. This process called chemical looping produces a highly concentrated stream of carbon dioxide. Such a stream would be easier to capture than a stream that has CO2 in dilute amounts.

With chemical looping, coal isn’t exposed directly to air. Instead, it involves a series of chemical reactions in which a solid material first captures oxygen from the air and then transfers it to the fuel – without the nitrogen or other gases in air. Thus there is little or no nitrogen present in exhaust stream, making CO2 capture a far easier process.

In the experiment conducted, iron is used as the intermediate material that captures oxygen from the air, and forms iron oxide. When this iron oxide is reacted with syngas formed from coal gasification, oxygen is released and iron oxide is converted to metallic iron which is again used for capture of oxygen from air. The oxygen oxidizes the carbon monoxide and hydrogen, forming steam and CO2. The steam can easily be removed by condensing it, leaving behind highly concentrated carbon dioxide that can be captured and stored.