I was wondering for quite sometime, what was Indian industries contribution towards carbon emission reduction. Because nowhere I came across mention of India’s effort in carbon capture and storage projects as a part of climate change mitigation strategy. Also looking at my previous posts I realized that though India ranks among top 10 countries in greenhouse gas emissions worldwide, there has not been any post on India’s effort in addressing the problem of global warming by adoption of CCS technology.
So I started looking for CCS projects in India and ended up in finding an article about Indian fertilizer company National Fertilizer Ltd (NFL) licensing Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) carbon capture technology to set up a recovery plant at its Vijaipur plant in the state of Madhya Pradesh. The fertilizer industry is also among the largest emitter of carbon dioxide. The carbon capture technology of MHI uses KS-1 solvent (jointly developed by MHI and Kansai electric company) that captures the CO2 from the flue gas stream. The captured CO2 is said to be of 99% purity which will be recycled again to be used in the production of urea from ammonia. Thus the problem of carbon dioxide storage is addressed by recycling in the same manufacturing process. NFL claims to capture 450 tons of CO2 per day which will be one of the world’s largest capture facilities in the world once it is commissioned.
To my surprise this is not the first time an Indian fertilizer company has licensed the MHI technology. The NFL is the third company only next to Indian Farmers Fertilizer Cooperative Limited (IFFCO) and Nagarjuna Fertilizers and Chemicals Limited (NFCL) to license this technology. So far MHI has licensed the CO2 recovery technology to 9 fertilizer plants around the world. Coal fired power plants in India contribute to around 80% of the total electricity generated and will remain the main source of energy in the near future as well. Taking cues from the fertilizer companies, will the thermal power plants adopt a similar carbon capture technology to reduce their carbon emissions?
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