China’s growing CCS activities

This entry was posted by Thursday, 10 February, 2011
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China surpassed USA as the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases way back in 2007. China is trying to balance its growing energy demand and restraining its carbon emissions by substituting coal with renewable energy sources, increasing energy efficiency, and implementing carbon capture and storage. Numerous research and demonstration projects related to carbon capture and storage are underway in china. This issue focuses on the growing interest of china in CCS related activities.

Some of the areas where significant research and development is happening in china are

  • CO2 capture technology
  • CO2-Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR)
  • CO2 storage
  • CO2 transportation

An overview of the china’s CCS activities is described below:

1.    Shidongkou power plant is an ultra critical, coal fired power plant with a capacity if 660 MW located in northern shanghai. The plant is additionally equipped with carbon dioxide capture technology that separates and purifies CO2 from a flue gas stream to produce 120,000 tonnes of CO2 per year. This is the largest such facility in china and one of the world’s largest carbon capture facility in the world. The captured CO2 is used food packing, dry ice and beverage carbonation.

2.    The PetroChina’s Jilin oilfield complex is the leading site for CO2-EOR research and development in China. Petrochina discovered vast deposits of natural gas in 2005 that contained over 20% CO2 concentrations. This CO2 is removed from the natural gas stream to inject into several oilfields in the complex. It is estimated that CO2 injection has enhanced oil recovery by 10-20%.

3.    China’s Huaneng group is the largest power generator in china from fossil fuels. They have teamed up with Calera group (known for its cement production process from CO2) to build a green campus. Accordingly, the flue gas generated in the fossil fueled power plant is captured and converted to calcium and magnesium carbonates.

4.    The Greengen project is an initiative of Huaneng group to set up a coal based thermal power plant with carbon capture plant to achieve zero emissions target. The group is also involved in international cooperation for CCS development. One of those projects is China-Australia cooperation framework of climate change and energy problems. this project aims at capturing 3000-5000 tons of CO2 per year from power plants based on carbon dioxide capture technology developed by Huaneng’s thermal power research institute.

5.    Shenhua group is working on R&D in carbon capture and storage at its coal-to-liquids plant which started its trial operation towards the end of 2008. The company is also working on storage measures including geological storage which will be put into operation in one or two years.

The speed of planning, development, construction and regulatory approval for CCS projects is really fast. The Shidongkou capture plant was designed and commissioned within a span of 1 year, just to give an idea. Considering the pace at which China is moving forward highlights the fact that it has immense domestic incentive to create and grow sustainably. If the results from the domestic and international demonstrations in CCS prove promising to the Chinese government, China could become a world leader in CCS technology.

Smart Grid

7 Responses to “China’s growing CCS activities”

  1. Anjana jones

    @ Diana

    ” According to the new plan it will ease China’s reliance on coal in 2020 and cut sulfur dioxide emissions by about 7.8 million tons and carbon dioxide emissions by about 1.2 billion tons in a year.”

    Looks like China can single handedly delayl climacte change if not stop it all together 🙂

  2. Diana Willis

    To meet the carbon emissions reduction targets of 2020, the National Energy Administration (NEA) has put to gether a development plan for emerging energy industries from 2011 to 2020 that will require direct investments totaling 5 trillion yuan, .

    Jiang Bing, director-general of the Policy Planning Department under the NEA, said that the plan has specified major policy measures for the development and utilization of nuclear, wind, solar, biomass, geothermal, unconventional natural gas and other new energies. The plan has also detailed the industrialized application of new clean coal, smart grid, distributed energy and alternative-fuel vehicle technologies.

    According to the new plan it will ease China’s reliance on coal in 2020 and cut sulfur dioxide emissions by about 7.8 million tons and carbon dioxide emissions by about 1.2 billion tons in a year.

    Furthermore, this will contribute 1.5 trillion yuan in added-value per year and create 15 million job opportunities.

  3. Natalia Peyton

    China announced a series of green targets which include cutting Co2 emission by 17 percent, per unit of GDP from 2010 levels and slashing major pollutant emissions by 8 to 10 percent etc. 70 percent of China’s energy is from coal and now China aims to limit energy consumption in 2015 to 4 billion metric tons of coal or its equivalent in other fuels.

  4. Duncan Kenneth

    At the 2009 climate summit in Copenhagen, China announced that it would reduce its carbon intensity – the amount of greenhouse gas emissions per unit of economic output – by at least 40% by 2020. The draft of its new five-year plan, which will be discussed by the National People’s Congress in March 2011, includes an environmental tax and other carbon-cutting measures.

    Chinese government plans to approve new hydropower plants with a capacity of 140 gigawatts over the next five years as a part of its low carbon diet.

  5. Natalia Peyton

    China is a more dependable partner than the U.S. in developing technology to capture carbon-dioxide emissions, American Electric Power Co. chief executive Michael Morris said.

    AEP agreed to evaluate China Huaneng Group’s carbon-capture technology for possible installation at power plants after withdrawing from a U.S.-backed effort to build a zero-emissions, coal-fired power plant.

    The Energy Department plans to spend $1 billion on the project, which Morris said may cost about $2.5 billion. China may open a near-zero-emissions, coalfired power plant by next year, Morris said.

  6. Margie Wylie

    China has to work at this speed to compensate for the damage that it is causing to the environment due to its aggressive industrialization. But the fact that China has realized the importance of CCS and implementing many demonstration projects is a positive sign.

  7. aathmika

    Thank you for pin pointing the various projects promoted by China for CO2 capture.Each example talks of a different method of utilising the captured CO2.
    The speed at which the projects have been cleared and gone into production is commendable.
    India could learn a lesson from this.
    No wonder the Chinese economy is moving up so fast

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