Carbon dioxide emission and carbon capture and storage in Poland

This entry was posted by Tuesday, 8 March, 2011
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Poland’s main energy source is coal. Poland emits about 8.3 tonnes of Co2 per capita. Poland currently relies on coal – fired plants for 94 percent of its electricity generation and 55 percent of its energy generation.

Poland’s Belchatow power plant is Europe’s largest polluter. The Ministry of the Environment in Poland welcomes CCS as one of many Clean Coal Technologies and it says this will not be the overall solution on the problem of Co2 emissions.  Bełchatów Power Station, Bielko-Biała Power Plant, Dolna Odra Power Station, Gdańsk Power Station, Jaworzno Power Station, Katowice Power Station, Kawęczyn Heat Plant, Kedzierzyn Zero-Emission Plant, Kielce Power Station, Kozienice Power Station, Ostrołęka Power Station, Połaniec Power Station, Rybnik Power Station, Rzeszów Power Station, Siekierki Power Station, Łagisza Power Station, Łaziska Power Station, Żerań Power Station are some of the coal – fired power stations in Poland.

Poland’s energy plan attempts to reduce its dependence on coal. The government has pledged to be a leader in carbon capture and storage technology. According to the IEA, Poland needs to develop a more focused efficiency targets around a well-defined delivery plan.  In particular, the IEA recommends focusing on improving energy efficiency in two sectors — buildings and transportation.


Different carbon capture and storage programmes in Poland:

The Polish government welcomes European investments in CCS research. The Polish centre-right government has adopted a programme for Polish energy politics until 2030. According to the plan, steps will be taken in various directions to diversify energy sources. Energy derived from coal is to drop from 94 percent today to 60 percent in 2030, with the rest made up by a new nuclear plant, renewable energy and gas.

Poland joined in the International Carbon capture and storage group in October 2009 and by this action, it became the 24th member of Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF).  Polish ministry of environment launched a four – year national programme in 2008, “Assessment of formations and structures for Co2 geological storage, including monitoring plans”.

Poland’s Belchatow power plant, Europe’s largest polluter, is planning to curb its emissions with the help of millions of euros of EU investment.

Global power generation group, Alstom, has teamed with PGE Elektrownia Belchatów to provide carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology for the Belchatów power plant in Poland. In the first phase, Alstom will construct a pilot CCS plant which can capture 100,000 tonnes of Co2 per year and this is scheduled to begin by mid 2011. Following this, Alstom and PGE will work on a larger CCS project to capture carbon produced by Elektrownia Belchatów’s 858MW lignite-fired unit which is expected to be operational by 2015.

Poland-based Elektrownia Północ will start the construction of a 2,000Mw coal power plant fitted with carbon capture and storage technology in 2012 with financing from Kulczyk Investments worth 12 billion to 15 billion Polish zlotys.

On 10 February 2009 demosEUROPA – Centre for European Strategy, British Embassy and Vattenfall Poland in cooperation with Embassy of Sweden, organized a conference “CCS and other clean coal technologies – Poland’s prospective trade-mark?”For details of this conference:

On 7 October 2009 demosEUROPA – Centre for European Strategy and Royal Norwegian Embassy in Warsaw with a support of Vattenfall organized a conference entitled “Institutional and Financial Framework for Carbon Capture and Storage”. For further details:

On November 13, 2009, the Australian Embassy in Poland, in cooperation with demosEUROPA Centre for European Strategy, organized an international conference on carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies and related Australia’s and Poland’s experience. For details of this conference:

On November 17, 2009 a meeting was organized by demosEUROPA Centre for European Strategy. The main theme of the meeting was “Carbon capture and Storage as a preferred technology for mainstreaming the clean use of coal in Poland”.  For more details:

On 13 January 2010, a conference was organized by demosEUROPA and British Embassy in Warsaw. The main discussion in this event was about implementation of CCS technology in Poland. View more:

On March 24, 2010, demosEUROPA – Centre for European Strategy organized a meeting on low carbon economy in Poland, “Poland’s Low Carbon Transition Strategy – putting Poland on the path of CO2 emission reductions,” For more details:

On 18 January 2011, demosEUROPA – Centre for European Strategy organized its seventh High-Level Roundtable on Low-Carbon Economy and this discussion was a part of “Poland’s Low Carbon Transition Strategy. Putting Poland on the path of CO2 emission reductions”. For further details of the discussion:

On 22 February 2011 demosEUROPA – Centre for European Strategy organised the eighth session of the High-Level Round Table on Low Carbon Economy, as a part of a greater project “Poland’s Low Carbon Transition Strategy – putting Poland on the path of CO2 emission reductions”.

On 23 February 2011, demosEUROPA – Centre for European Strategy held a conference “Poland’s Low Carbon Transition Strategy. Energy and climate between Keynes and Hayek?


Carbon Capture and Storage, Geological Sequestration






3 Responses to “Carbon dioxide emission and carbon capture and storage in Poland”

  1. Amanda

    A delegation of leaders in research and energy policy from Poland visited West Virginia University Tuesday to learn about the natural gas industry and build the foundation of new partnerships.
    Poland recently discovered its own natural gas reserves encased in shale rock, much like the Marcellus Shale in West Virginia, and a delegation came visited the National Research Center for Coal and Energy to learn the do’s and don’ts of developing it.

  2. Sasha Uriah

    From Poland, the Belchatow power plant consisting of a 250MW capture plant at a new coal-fired unit, using an amines-based capture technology, is the one that has applied for funding from NER300.


  1. World Spinner

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