Co2 Emission & Carbon Capture and Storage in United Kingdom

This entry was posted by Tuesday, 8 March, 2011
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UK emits more than 500million tonnes of Carbon Dioxide every year. One third of electricity in UK is produced from coal. Aberthaw B, Cockenzie, Cottam, Didcot A, Drax, Eggborough, Ferrybridge C, Fiddlers Ferry, Ironbridge, Kingsnorth, Longannet, Lynemouth, Ratcliffe, Rugeley, Tilbury B, West Burton, Wilton, Uskmouth are some of the coal fired power stations in United Kingdom.

CCS projects in United Kingdom:

Peterhead, Longannet, Renfrew, Cockenzie, Hunterston, Tesside, Hatfield, Terrybridge, Killingholme, Onllwyn, Didcot, Kingsnorth, Aberthaw are proposed CCS locations in UK.

Cockenzie and Longannet (Scottish Power):

In 2007, Scottish power announced a feasibility study into converting Cockenzie and Longannet, its two largest power stations, to clean coal technology. The total generating capacity of the two stations is 3390MW and the new technology would reduce about 20% of Co2 emissions at both stations and operation is expected to start in 2012.

Longannet (2nd largest coal – fired power station in UK and 3rd largest coal – fired power station in Europe) is generating 2400MW electricity and Scottish power launched a carbondioxide capture plant at Longannet in September 2008.

Tesside (Centrica and Progressive energy):

Coastal Energy Ltd, a joint venture between Centrica and Progressive Energy, plans to build an 850 MW IGCC plant with pre-combustion capture at Tesside. If built, around 85% of CO2 emissions will be captured and stored under the North Sea.

Ferrybridge (Scottish and Southern Energy):

Scottish and Southern Energy (SSE) is examining to replace the present power station at Ferrybridge, which include a new 800 MW supercritical and ‘carbon capture ready’ plant.

Killingholme and Kingsnorth (E.ON UK):

E.ON announced a feasibility study for a 450MW IGCC plant to be built on a site next to the Killingholme power station. E.ON is also proposing to construct two new 800 MW cleaner coal units at their Kingsnorth power station which is expected to reduce Co2 emission by 20%.

Hatfield (Powerfuel):

In 2003 planning permission was granted for a major re-development of the Hatfield Colliery Site, which included permission to develop a new 900 MW natural gas CCGT and coal IGCC power plant. The plant is expected to begin operation at the end of 2011 and could be available for CCS by 2013.

Hunterston (Peel Energy):

Ayrshire Power Limited (APL) is proposing to build a new multi-fuel power station at Hunterston, North Ayrshire.

Onllwyn (Progressive Energy):

Valleys Energy Ltd (a partnership that includes Progressive Energy) has developed a proposal to construct a new 450 MW IGCC plant with CCS at Onllwyn, near Drym. It would capture about 2.4 million tonnes of Co2 per year.

Aberthaw (RWE npower):

In 2009, RWE npower and Shell have agreed contracts to build a 3MW post-combustion capture pilot plant which will be capable of capturing 50 tonnes of Co2 per day at Aberthaw Power Station in Wales.

Renfrew (Doosan Babcock):

In July 2009 Doosan Babcock opened the world’s largest ‘OxyCoal’ Clean Combustion Test Facility. The project is a collaboration between Doosan Babcock, DECC and Scottish and Southern Energy, as well as Air Products, Drax, DONG, EDF, E.ON, ScottishPower, Vattenfall and UK Coal.

Didcot (RWE nPower):

RWE npower is currently running CO2 capture test facilities at Didcot Power Station. The facilities were commissioned in 2008 and test both post-combustion and oxyfuel capture methods.

Peterhead (Hydrogen Energy and Scottish and Southern Energy):

Peterhead, a joint project between Hydrogen Energy and Scottish and Southern Energy, was planned to be a 475 MW natural gas-fired plant with CCS. The cost of the plant was estimated as $1.9 billion and would have captured 1.8 million tonnes of Co2 per year. Unfortunately the project was cancelled, but elements of it have been taken forward in other schemes.


UK Carbon Capture and Storage Community Network (UKCCSC):

UKCCSC has been established to expand CCS research in UK and to provide an open forum for sharing information and ideas in carbon capture and storage during a period 2009-2013. UKCCSC is funded by a £1 million grant from Research Councils UK Energy Programme. Any UK based researcher interested in contributing to research and innovation in CCS can participate in UKCCSC core activities (ie two face-to-face meetings each year for academic researchers to share ongoing work and updating key stakeholders). A regular newsletter will be circulated to UKCCSC members and registered stakeholders (

UKCCSC is run by Robin Cathcart, Network Manager. UKCCSC is run by a secretariat which is based at University of Edinburgh. UKCCSC is led by both PIs for the project, Professors Jon Gibbins (School of Engineering) and Stuart Haszeldine (School of Geosciences). There are two Co-PIs for the project, Hannah Chalmers and Mark Wilkinson. Co-PIs provide guidance for careers programme and UKCCSC newsletter respectively. Nicola McRobbie and Vivian Scott are providing part time support for UKCCSC secretariat.

Advisory committee is providing guidance for the development of UKCCSC which include government, NGO, industry and academic members with strong background and interest in CCS.

Members of Advisory Committee:

Matthew Bilson – Department of Energy and Climate Change, Office of CCS

Jerry Blackford – Plymouth Marine Laboratory (annual rotating academic position)

Jeff Chapman – Carbon Capture and Storage Association

Jeff Hardy – UK Energy Research Centre

Gery Juleff – Foreign Commonwealth Office

Chris Littlecott – Green Alliance

Philip Sharman – Alstom

Jacqui Williams – Research Councils UK Energy Programme

UKCCSC include about 250 academic members (engineering, technological, natural, environmental, social and economic academic members with CCS interests) and also 250 industry, Governmental and NGO Stakeholders. An international reference user group is made up of representatives from organisations based in other countries or with international activities. The group ensures that strong links are maintained between UK researchers and the international CCS community.


Carbon Capture and Storage Association (CCSA):

CCSA exists to promote business of Carbon capture and storage and to raise awareness in UK and internationally. Aims of CCSA include inform public, professions and policy makers about the environmental, technical, socio-economic and commercial benefits of CCS, provide advice to policy makers on regulatory issues and potential incentive mechanisms associated with CCS, promote industry priorities on financial, technical, research and policy issues related to CCS etc.

For information about members of Carbon Capture and Storage Association visit


Near Zero Emissions Coal (NZEC):

The joint UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal (NZEC) initiative addresses the challenge of increasing energy production from coal in China and the need to tackle growing carbon dioxide emissions. The EU-China NZEC agreement was signed at the EU-China Summit under the UK’s presidency of the EU in September 2005 as part of the EU-China Partnership on Climate Change and the objective of this agreement is to demonstrate near zero emissions coal technology in both China and EU by 2020.

UK and China anticipated a three-phase approach in which phase 1 has explored options for demonstration and build capacity for CCS in China, Phase 2 will carry out further development work on storage and capture options leading to Phase 3, which will construct a demonstration plant by 2015.

Phase 1 of NZEC is funded by UK’s Department of Energy and Climate Change. Objectives of phase 1 are to enable knowledge transfer between Chinese and UK parties, model the future energy requirements of China by taking CCS technologies in to account, produce case studies of potential CCS technologies and build capacity in China for evaluation of Storage potential of Co2 and undertake preliminary screening of potential sites suitable for geological storage of CO2. NZEC has worked particularly closely with the COACH project (COoperation Action within CCS CHina-EU).

NZEC project partners in UK and Europe:


Alstom Power

British Geological Survey


Cambridge University

Doosan Babcock

Heriot Watt University

Imperial College



For more details:

Carbon Capture and Storage, Clean Coal Technology, Climate Change

9 Responses to “Co2 Emission & Carbon Capture and Storage in United Kingdom”

  1. Arj Barkera

    On top of the funding for the Green Investment Bank and the Carbon Price Support introduced in the budget, two additional pieces of legislation are in the works. The Energy Security and Green Economy Act is scheduled for finalisation by the end of the year, and contains the ‘green deal’ efficiency financing mechanism, which could set a model for other countries in Europe. A White Paper is also expected this month to set out the government’s detailed plans for Electricity Market Reform, which include a ‘feed-in tariff with a contract for difference, as well as capacity payments for generators.

  2. Kevin Franzen

    UK CCS market to top £10bn by 2025

    This is interesting. It is not just NOrth sea.

    Researchers have tipped the UK to bag a £10bn share of the worldwide carbon capture and storage (CCS) market by 2025, after a report found rocks under the Moray Firth could hold up to a century’s worth of CO2 output from Scotland’s power industry.

    Yesterday’s report predicted the industry could grow to support 13,000 jobs in Scotland and another 14,000 elsewhere in the UK by 2020. Scottish Carbon Capture and Storage (SCCS), the government-funded body that produced the report, said the industry could grow even further if provided with adequate support.

  3. Peter Jordan

    The focus of carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects shifted to the United States from Europe. The Global CCS Institute said 234 CCS projects were active or planned worldwide at the end of 2010. According to a report, the number of projects for capturing greenhouse gases from power plants and factories edged up in 2010 despite soaring costs and slow progress in U.N.-led efforts to slow climate change.
    The focus of carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects also shifted more to the United States from Europe even though U.S. President Barack Obama has failed to persuade the Senate to legislate caps on U.S. greenhouse gas emissions, it said.
    The Global CCS Institute said 234 CCS projects were active or planned worldwide at the end of 2010, a net rise of 26 from 2009 despite cancellations including in the Netherlands and Finland. CCS aims to capture planet-warming carbon dioxide in fossil fuels, such as from coal-fired power plants or cement factories, and bury it in depleted oil and gas reservoirs or other underground stores. No commercial-scale projects yet exist.

  4. Clara Michael

    Floor price for Carbon emissions in UK from April
    Britain’s Treasury will set a legal framework in April to create a floor price for carbon emissions. The government whilst announcing a wider plan for encouraging low-carbon investments said that the floor price is a substantial part of the government’s electricity market reform proposal as it puts a minimum tax on carbon-intensive power generation, which indirectly rewards producers of greener energy. The government also announced on Tuesday in its Carbon Plan that it would award 1 billion pounds (USD 1.6 billion) to Britain’s first carbon-capture and storage (CCS) project by the end of this year and publish a second-round projects shortlist by May 2012.
    CCS project developers in Britain are bidding for a share of a pot worth up to 9.5 billion pounds to find the most adequate technology for catching and burying climate-warming emissions from gas and coal-fired power plants.

  5. Paul Arthur

    Co2 plan could create 13,000 jobs
    At least 13,000 jobs could be created by storing carbon dioxide deep below the sea off the Scottish coast, a report has found.
    The study by the Scottish Government, industry and researchers found that the Moray Firth could be the site of an emerging carbon capture and storage industry.
    Energy minister Jim Mather will unveil a report, entitled Progressing Scotland’s CO2 Storage Opportunities, in Edinburgh.
    The research calculates that a rock formation, known as the Captain Sandstone – buried more than half a mile beneath the Moray Firth, could store at least 15 years and potentially a century’s-worth of CO2 output from Scotland’s power industry.
    Professor Eric Mackay, from Scottish Carbon Capture and Storage (SCCS), said: “This is an exciting and landmark moment in the development of carbon capture and storage. The Captain Sandstone is just one of many rock formations filled with salt water in the central and northern North Sea.
    “We have shown that this is a feasible site that could store massive amounts of CO2, helping the UK meet its targets for carbon emissions reduction. The future potential for this and other areas of the North Sea is immense.”
    The SCCS research, funded by the Scottish Government and a group of businesses within the energy sector, showed that carbon capture and storage could create 13,000 jobs in Scotland by 2020, and another 14,000 elsewhere in the UK, spread across a wide range of skills. This would increase in subsequent years.
    The report has found that the UK’s share of worldwide carbon capture and storage business could be worth more than £10 billion a year by around 2025 if properly developed.

  6. Duncan Kenneth

    UK Government’s Carbon plan is a wide plan for next 5 years to take action on climate change. The Plan presents ongoing and planned cross-Government action on climate change with specific deadlines providing for both internal accountability and public transparency.

    The Carbon Plan has been published initially as a ‘draft’ that takes account of the first three UK carbon budgets (covering the period 2008-2022), which have already been set. In recognition that the fourth carbon budget (2023-2027) will be set in law in June, UK Government will publish an updated ‘live’ Carbon Plan in October which takes the four carbon budgets into account.

    Since the publication of the November Business Plan, the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change has announced that the first review of the Feed in Tariffs scheme for small scale low carbon electricity generation in advance would begin in advance of the dates shown in the Carbon Plan, and would be completed by April 2012.

    If you want to download the Carbon Plan Visit

  7. Johnson Hendry

    RWE AG (RWE), producer of about 10 percent of the U.K.’s power, urged the government to focus the nation’s strategy on offering long-term guarantees to limit the risks faced by developers of nuclear and renewable power.


  8. Sasha Uriah

    Showing once again its lead on the CCS development in Europe, the UK was the first country to announce the list of projects, that have applied for NER300 funding, which includes five projects for innovative renewable and nine CCS projects. Nonetheless, each country will be allowed a maximum of three projects according to the rules for the NER300.

    Following the UK government’s decision to open the national CCS competition to gas power plants, there are two projects out of nine involving gas power plants, one using post-combustion CO₂ capture in Peterhead entered by SSE in Scotland, and one IGCC plant with a capacity of 430MW in Killingholme (Humber) developed by C.Gen.

  9. Natalia Peyton

    London Research Institute says CCS is suitable for England because of huge potential of England to store Greenhouse gases. Britain also has a concentration of industries along coasts near depleted offshore oil and gas reservoirs. These reservoirs can be used for storing carbon dioxide.
    To develop more cost effective technologies and technologies that use less energy more research is required in this field.The researchers say that the British government and industries need to invest more money in research and development so that the technology can be rapidly improved.

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